A dental root canal treatment, also known as endodontic therapy, is a procedure used to treat a damaged or infected tooth. The procedure involves removing the damaged or infected pulp from the tooth, cleaning and shaping the root canal system, and filling the space with a special material to prevent infection.
The pulp of a tooth is the soft tissue that contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue. When the pulp becomes infected or damaged due to a deep cavity, crack, or trauma, it can cause pain and swelling, and can lead to the formation of an abscess.
During a root canal treatment, the dentist will numb the affected tooth and surrounding area with a local anesthetic. They will then make a small opening in the top of the tooth to access the pulp chamber and root canals. Using specialized instruments, the dentist will remove the infected or damaged pulp from the tooth and clean and shape the root canals to prepare them for filling.
Dental fillings are a common and effective treatment for cavities. Regular dental check-ups can help detect cavities early and prevent the need for more extensive dental treatments. It&'s important to follow good oral hygiene habits, including brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting the dentist regularly to maintain healthy teeth and gums.
Once the root canals have been cleaned and shaped, the dentist will fill them with a special material called gutta-percha, which is a rubber-like material that seals the canals to prevent bacteria from entering. The opening in the tooth is then sealed with a temporary or permanent filling.
After the root canal treatment, it is common to experience some discomfort and sensitivity for a few days. The dentist may prescribe pain medication or recommend over-the-counter pain relievers. It is important to maintain good oral hygiene by brushing and flossing regularly and visiting the dentist for regular checkups and cleanings to prevent future infections.