Dental braces and aligners are orthodontic devices used to straighten teeth and correct bite problems. Braces and aligners work by applying gentle and continuous pressure on the teeth to move them into the correct position over time.
Braces are made up of metal or ceramic brackets that are bonded to the teeth and connected by wires and rubber bands. The wires are tightened gradually over time to apply pressure and shift the teeth into the desired position. Braces can treat a variety of orthodontic issues, including crowding, spacing, overbite, underbite, and crossbite.
Aligners, such as Invisalign, are clear plastic trays that fit over the teeth and apply pressure to gradually move them into the correct position. Aligners are removable and are changed out every two weeks for a new set that applies slightly more pressure. Aligners are a popular option for those who want a more discreet orthodontic treatment option.
Both braces and aligners require regular dental appointments to monitor progress and make adjustments as necessary. Treatment time can vary depending on the severity of the orthodontic issue, but typically lasts from 6 months to 2 years.
Straightening teeth with braces or aligners can improve not only the appearance of your smile, but also the function of your teeth and jaw. Straighter teeth are easier to clean, reducing the risk of dental decay and gum disease. A straighter bite can also reduce the risk of jaw pain and headaches.
If you are considering braces or aligners, talk to your dentist or orthodontist about the best treatment option for your specific orthodontic needs.